China's regulators have eliminated hundreds of private networks, which direct user requests to virtual networks located on server servers, hiding users' real sites or destinations.
The Beijing government wants to shut down private companies that provide access to Facebook, YouTube and other services. For years, thousands of private networks in China have provided opportunities to circumvent restrictions on Internet services and visit Facebook, Google, YouTube, Twitter and other government-listed sites on the black list. But that has changed now.
Beijing authorities say they will block or block any private Internet services and services provider as of March 31.
"I have an idea of what the regulators can do," said Sunday Yokopitis, president of Golden Frog, the private network provider in Austin.
In January 2015, Yukopitis stated that his computer was featured in a range of email alert systems and complaints from Chinese customers, and something was disrupted by the service of Fiber in Golden Fruge by blocking target server addresses, rendering them unusable in China.
"They have blocked all our servers at the same time," he said. That is a random crackdown, and things have gotten worse since then. "
Beijing has officially denounced the non-use of private networks for its service, "Great Firewall". The March 31 deadline marks a new stage in its commitment to a wide-ranging prosecution, such as that of Yukopitis three years ago.
The Chinese government says that by the end of this month, people in China will have to stop using unlicensed networks and adhere to licensed government channels. This is a key item in China's biggest campaign against freedom of expression in the Internet age, a campaign that has been actively working over the past year on watching TV programming, violent video games and even celebrity news.
Virtual networks
Controllers have essentially eliminated hundreds of private networks that direct user requests to virtual networks located on server servers and hide users' real sites or destinations.Some of the owners of these companies were imprisoned, and during the summer Apple began removing its program on private networks from the Chinese version of Apple Store.
Fiber and Express are still on the BBC and Noord in the BBC, and few others are working to bypass the government and hire additional Cloud servers from Amazon and Web services to improve their network services. It also works on a program that can make user activities appear licensed, and sometimes by hiring IP addresses used by government-approved services.
Game Showdown
The process of confrontation and defense of private networks' capacity is becoming increasingly acute, said Yokobitis. In the past two months, his team has banned six Viper-style attacks in 2015. "We've seen attacks every three or four months," he said. Robbie Gonzalez, head of communications at Panama-based Nord BV, said her company had seen a similar escalation and was expecting more after the deadline.
The Chinese government is employing thousands of professionals to find ways to thwart private network programs and has begun forcing China Telecom Corp. and other state-owned enterprises to withhold any unauthorized traffic to private companies that they can monitor even when they visit authorized sites such as Taobao Mall - The huge line of Alibaba Holding Group.
"This is a new technique," said Harold Lee, vice president of Express BV, which is officially based in the British Virgin Islands. "It's like trying to lower the experience on private networks so you can not use them."
There are two main ways to detect and block private network services - the first is to sign up with a provider and verify the address used and then ask the providers to block it. The second method is to search for Internet traffic to identify links with encryption protocols. Like an armored vehicle, the most secure private networks are easy to define in this way even if you do not know what is inside it specifically. "This is an arms race," said Ralph Halls, a lecturer on networking and cyber security at the University of Sydney. "The government's performance is improving every day.
Cost of networks
Most leading private network services cost between $ 6 and $ 12 a month, and some offer free copies with fewer features. The lucrative quality of its continuation owes much to the Chinese public's desire to use it to watch banned cartoons, read controversial news, access scientific research on services such as Google Scholar or simply protect their communications.
Users can place their own networks on Cloud servers provided by Amazon Web Services and its competitors. Such personal networks can offer a small degree of movement that is difficult to detect and close, but it is also more expensive and requires a higher level of experience. Official regulators say that certain companies - including China Telecom - will be allowed to provide access to government-approved private networks as soon as the above deadline passes.
Such a system would not provide the same levels of privacy and freedom that private network users are accustomed to, according to Price Boland, head of regional technology at Cyberfire. It is logical to believe that Apple and Alibaba - both global - will make any settlement they need to continue working in China.
China's campaign has helped improve the status of the rest of the private networks. Nord's sales in VPN have risen by "several hundred percent" since the Beijing government began targeting other services last summer, Gonzales said. Golden Frog's sales jumped half a month in six months, and Express BV says it made a 50 percent jump in October. But what about participation? "If things do not get worse, we may need to talk about some providers in the BBC and get technology, but we have not got to that point yet," he says

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